Periodontal inflammation correlates with systemic inflammation and insulin resistance in patients with recent diagnosis of type 2 diabetes

Natacha Oyarzo, María Riveros, Constanza Andaur, Jessica Liberona, Víctor Cortés

Resumen


Background: diabetes and periodontitis are common comorbidities; however, the clinical implications of this association remain only partially known. This study was aimed to characterize the periodontal status of type 2 diabetic (T2D) patients and its correlation with metabolic and inflammatory parameters. Methods: patients (n = 30) with 5 or less years since the diagnosis of T2D (18 – 65 years old) were recruited. Anthropometric (Body Mass Index, BMI), metabolic (fasting glucose, glycated hemoglobin, insulin, HOMA-IR, HDL, LDL and total cholesterol, triglycerides) and inflammatory parameters (ultrasensitive C reactive protein, usCRP) were quantified. Periodontal evaluation included clinical attachment level (CAL), probing depth (PD), gingival level (GL) and bleeding on probing (BOP) average. Statistical significance was assessed by Mann-Whitney and Spearman correlation tests. Results: mean values of BOP, CAL, PD and GL were 39.3, 2.8, 2.8, and 0.1, respectively. BOP significantly correlated with BMI and HOMA-IR and was higher in patients with elevated usCRP >3 mg/L (p<0.05). Age and duration of T2D directly and inversely correlated with CAL and GL, respectively. BOP correlated with HOMA-IR and usCRP but not with patients´age, duration of T2D or BMI. Conclusions: in patients with recent diagnosis of T2D, BOP is associated with usCRP and HOMA-IR levels, suggesting that periodontal inflammation promotes insulin resistance possibly by increasing systemic inflammation.


Palabras clave


diabetes; periodontitis; C reactive protein; insulin resistance, inflammation; chronic disease

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Referencias


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.11565/arsmed.v44i1.1524



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